In 1906 and 1907 Robert Baden-Powell, a lieutenant general in the British Army, wrote a book for boys about reconnaissance and scouting. Baden-Powell wrote Scouting for Boys (London, 1908), based on his earlier books about military scouting, with influence and support of Frederick Russell Burnham (Chief of Scouts in British Africa), Ernest Thompson Seton of the Woodcraft Indians, William Alexander Smith of the Boys' Brigade, and his publisher Pearson. In the summer of 1907 Baden-Powell held a camp on Brownsea Island in England to test ideas for his book. This camp and the publication of Scouting for Boys are generally regarded as the start of the Scout movement. Source: Wikipedia
Scouting or as its also called, the Scout movement, is a movement that wants to be there for young people and support them in their hysical, mental and spiritual development, that they may play constructive roles in society, with a strong focus on the outdoors and survival skills. There is scouts everywhere over the world, and as of 2010, there are over 32 million registered Scouts and as of 2006 10 million registered Guidesaround the world, from 216 countries and territories. Scouting virtually started itself but it was triggered by the publication Scouting for Boys written by Robert Baden-Powell in 1908.